Palmitate (as Vitamin A) has several important functions in the body, including the maintenance of proper vision. When the body is deficient in Vitamin A, the eyes gradually lose the ability to adapt to changes in light resulting in "Night Blindness." Another vital role of vitamin A concerns the formation, maintenance, and growth of skin, which forms the body's primary barrier to infection.
Cholecalciferol (as Vitamin D3) assists the body with calcium absorption and supports healthy bones and teeth, as well as the immune system. One of the primary natural sources of Vitamin D is the sun, so supplementation can be essential during winter, in northern climates, and during summer if you use sunscreen. Vitamin D absorption declines with age.
Tocopheryl Acetate (as Vitamin E Acetate) is a major antioxidant and the primary defense against lipid peroxidation. It is particularly important in protecting the body’s cells from free radical/oxidative damage. These protective benefits are achievable with supplemental intakes higher than what is normally consumed in the average diet.
Phytonadione (as Vitamin K1) converts osteocalcin, which is a bone protein important for keeping calcium within the bone.
Thiamine Mononitrate (as Vitamin B1) helps break down sugars, carbohydrates, and fats in the body to provide energy. Vitamin B-1 also helps support a normal appetite, maintain a healthy nervous system as well as aid in the proper function of the heart and other muscles. Stress increases the need for Vitamin B-1 and all the other B vitamins, and can help combat tiredness, depression, irritability and inability to concentrate.
Riboflavin (as Vitamin B2) promotes metabolism and athletic performance. It is a precursor to coenzymes involved in the growth and repair of skin and tissues lining the gastro-intestinal tract, as well as the synthesis of amino acids. Vitamin B2 is also necessary for the formation of pigments essential to vision.
Niacinamide (as Vitamin B3) is a B complex vitamin that may provide several health benefits inside and out. Studies show that this nutrient encourages faster skin cell turnover‚ which can lessen the appearance of dark spots and cause you to appear more radiant. Your body derives niacinamide from NAD and NADP‚ two coenzymes active in the metabolism. Therefore‚ this nutrient promotes the release of energy from the proteins‚ carbohydrates‚ and fats that you eat; this can support overall health by giving you the boost you need to exercise and perform. It also has the potential to support cardiovascular health.
d-Calcium Pantothenate (as Vitamin B5) benefits energy production, healthy cholesterol and triglyceride level. It is good for cosmetic product, and skin care, such as acne and is vital for normal physiological functions. d-Calcium Pantothenate is a precursor to form coenzyme-A (CoA), and is critical in the metabolism and synthesis of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
Pyridoxine Hyderochloride (as Vitamin B6) vital for energy production and is directly involved in protein metabolism. Additionally, Vitamin B-6 is essential in the formation of red blood cells, which play a key role in transporting oxygen throughout the body. It also helps to maintain nervous system health.
Cyanocobalamin (as Vitamin B12) is essential for the normal formation of blood cells and contributes to the health of the nervous system. In addition, cyanocobalamin plays a role in energy metabolism in the body.
Biotin (as Vitamin H) is typically found in healthy food sources such as oatmeal, bananas, nuts, sunflower seeds, eggs and mushrooms. Biotin is essential for normal skin growth, hair growth, lipid metabolism and energy production (ATP). Biotin helps on the inside of your body by metabolizing carbohydrates, fats and proteins which help to deliver energy throughout the body.
Selenium is a potent antioxidant which guards the cells from free radical damage.
L-Taurine increases mental concentration and alertness and can improve your overall sense of well-being. Taurine has proven to regulate oxidative stress, protect against hardening of the arteries, lower blood pressure, support blood sugar levels, and support energy production.
L-Glutamine is the most abundant amino-acid within the body and is primarily stored and synthesized within the skeletal muscle. Often times the body is put under great metabolic stresses such as weight lifting and other intense exercise that can deplete the body of its natural stores of glutamine. In these situations, glutamine becomes an essential amino acid that needs to be supplemented. Benefits include muscle cell volume, increases in protein synthesis, increases in plasma growth hormone levels, recovery from training and exercise, and enhanced metabolism and optimal fat loss within the body.
Ascorbic Acid is a key antioxidant required for protecting against free-radical damage and cell repair. It also helps support the longevity of Vitamin E. Ascorbic Acid is an essential nutrient for nearly all areas of health including immunity and healing, but it is not created naturally in our bodies. We must consume a sufficient amount through our diet or supplementation.
Echinacea Root helps to ward off infectious agents and elicit free radicals. Several clinical trials have shown echinacea to be effective, especially if taken at the first signs of problems. Studies show supplementing with echinacea at the onset of the common cold can reduce the symptoms and shorten the duration. It has also been found that echinacea can reduce the odds of developing the common cold by over half.
L-Tyrosine is a non-essential amino acid that plays an important role in the production of neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine and supports healthy glandular function and stress response.
Caffeine Anhydrous triggers a range of performance-specific benefits including improved focus, elevated alertness, faster reaction time, reduced fatigue, increased endurance and elevated mood.
CDP Choline is a naturally occurring, water soluble, biological compound that is an intermediate for the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine, a major constituent of brain tissue. It readily passes through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) directly into the brain tissue to activate the synthesis of critical components in cell-membranes and may improve learning and memory performance.
Huperzine A is used for Alzheimer's disease, memory and learning enhancement, and age-related memory impairment. It is also used for treating a muscle disease called myasthenia gravis, for increasing alertness and energy, and for protecting against agents that damage the nerves such as nerve gases.